*Declaration of Thomas Brooks for Revolutionary War Pension No. S1795

State of Tennessee
Hawkins County     October term 1832


On this 1st day of October, personally appeared before the Judge of the Circuit Court for the County & State aforesaid, Thomas Brooks a resident of Hawkins County & State of Tennessee aged 72 years last May, who first duly sworn, according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed June 7th, 1832. That he enlisted in the Army of the United States on the 15th day of January in the year 1779 with Capt. James Shelby & served in the Regiment of 12 months men, under the following named officers, Col. John Montgomery, who commanded the Regiment, & some of the Captains commanding companys in said Regiment were Capt. Evans, Capt. Taylor, Capt. Keller, That at the time this regiment was raised, a Regiment of Militia was likewise called out & placed under the command of Col. Evan Shelby that these forces under the above named officers were collected & called into service for the purpose of reinforcing General Clark in the Illinois. That when he enlisted he lived in what is now called Sullivan County in the State of Tennessee that he entered the service as a twelve Months man but actually served about 16 Months, that is, he was not discharged till the 29th of May 1780. This applicant further states, that after his enlistment he was marched with his Regiment in company with the Militia to some point on Holston River, he thinks not fare from the mouth of what is now called Big Creek, that here they embarked in canoes & descended Holston river for the purpose above mentioned, that in their decent they killed all the Indians that attempted to resist or flee, burnt down their towns, burnt down their corn cribs and drove away their cattle. This applicant states that the first Indian town they burnt was called Chiccamauga, situated on the Tennessee river just above what is now called the Look out Mountain that here they killed about 3 Indians all the rest having fled at their approach. That the Militia under the command of Shelby returned home from Chiccamauga & this applicant with his Regiment was continued down the river, that after this they landed at a place called Nick-a-jack where they camped all night, & from thence they passed through the Suck in Tennessee river, that somewhere between the suck & the mouth of the Tennessee, after they had landed to camp for the night, they saw two canoes loaded with skins & three Indians in each, ascending the river on the opisite side, that the Indians were hailed but did not stop when this Declarant & a few other men entered their own canoes & made pursuit, that the Indians were overtaken & captured & they & their cargo taken to the camp that a guard was placed over them, but some time in the night they made their escape, leaving their canoes & skins. That they desended the Tennessee into the Ohio, thence into the Mississippi, thence up the Mississippi to the mouth of a little river called Ocher formerly called Chusehusea thence up the Ocher about 6 miles to a French town called Ocher where they landed & rested about 20 days & then reentered their canoes & returned into the Mississippi, thence down the Mississippi to the mouth of the Ohio; then up the Ohio to the mouth of the Wabash to Oport or Vincennes. That at this place General Clark had captured Governor Hamilton & his suit. This Declarant further states that at Vincennes they Wintered, & early in the Spring this Declairant and four other men, with L(rest of word unreadable) Williams were sent with an express to Ocher that he remained at Ocher till the arrival of his Regiment from Vincennes & General Clark from the falls of the Ohio, that when joined by his Regiment & General Clark, they marched to the protection of Pancho & Choho two French towns situated on the Mississippi river about 3 miles apart on oposite sides of the river, that it was understood that these towns would be attaced by the Indians called the Saxs & Foxes & in this they were not rong-informed for the whites had not been long stationed at the towns till the said Indians desended the river & made their attac, that the Indians were driven from the town at which this Declairant was stationed (unreadable) an attac on the other French town that this Declairant together with the other men were conducted to the rescue of the other town but on their arrival the Indians had retreated & made their escape. This Declairant further states that he remained at these towns guarding them until he was discharged which was given him on the 29th of May 1780 by Richard Besheres. That after he received his discharge, he volunteered under Col Montgomery on an expedition in pursuit of the Sax and Foxes that Col Montgomery set out on this expedition with about 700 men besides an Indian Chief called Batcart with about 50 Warriours, That with this force, he assended the Mississippi river to the mouth of the Illinois, thence up the Illinois about 200 miles to an Indian town called Opie here they landed & rested a few days & marched across the Country from Opie to the Mississippi river, which they swam there being no canoes, & burnt the Saxs & Foxes towns & cut down their corn, that after they had burnt these towns, they returned to Opie, where they had left their canoes & from thence back to the French towns Pancho & Choho where he remained till he set out for home, which made about 5 months he served as a Volunteer. This Declairant further states that after he returned home from the Illinois expedition he again entered the service of his Country as a Substitute on an expedition to the South, that he entered under Capt. Thomas Wallace & Col. Sevier, and Col. Shelby that he served under this engagement about 2 months, that this was in the year 1780. That from this out, he served during the Revolutionary war, as an Indian Spy, that he spent a part of his time at a fort called Givens fort which was under the command of a certain John Williams & a part of his time at another fort called Rices fort, situated about 6 miles below the North Fork of Holston river. That from these forts he in company with others would go in pursuit of the Indians who would commit murder & depridations on the frontiers. That he had his discharge for some time, but finally lost it so he cannot now produce it. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or an annuity, except the present & he declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency in any State. Sworn to, & subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

W B Mitchell Clk
his
Thomas T Brooks
Mark




*Affidavit of William Carmack

I William Carmack, residing in Lee County & State of Virginia do hereby certify that I have been well aquainted with Thomas Brooks who has sworn to & subscribed the above Declaration for a great many years, that I believe him to be 72 years of age, that he served with me as a mess mate in an expedition down the Holston river to the Illinois, for the purpose of reinforcing General Clark in that Country that the said Brooks & myself were not together when he enlisted, that all those that were enlisted rendervozed on the long Island of Holston some time in March, that at this place I met with the said Brooks & entered the service with him under Capt James Shelby, that I marched with the said Brooks to the mouth of Big creek where we remained a short time & then we embarked in canoes down the Holston river for the purpose above stated, that I have heared read the above Declaration sworn to & subscribed by the said Brooks, that I have personal knowledge of the events mentioned by the said Brooks till we arrived at Vincenes here the said Brooks was sent on an express & after this I never saw him till after the revolutionary war, when I saw him at his own house, that from my knowledge of the said Brooks all those facts stated by him of which I have no knowledg I believe to be true.

Subscribed & sworn to in open court
W B Mitchell Clk
his
William x Carmack
Mark




*Affidavit of Hezekiah Hamblen and A. Kyle

We Hezekiah Hamblen residing in the County Of Hawkins & State of Tennessee & Absalom Kyle residing in the same hereby certify, that we are well acquainted with Thomas Brooks, who has subscribed & sworn to the above Declaration, that we believe him to be 72 years of age, that he is reputed & believed in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the Revolution & served in the same as an Indian Spy, & that we concur in that opinion.

Sworn to, & subscribed, the day & year aforesaid.
W B Mitchell Clk
Hezekiah Hamblen
A. Kyle


*Ruling of the Circuit Court

And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion after the investigation of the matter, & after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War department that the above applicant was a Revolutionary soldier & served as he states. And the Court further certifies that it appears to them that Hezekiah Hamblen & A Kyle who have signed the preceding certificate are residents in the County of Hawkins & State of Tennessee & are creditable persons, & that their statement is entitled to credit.

(Unreadable) of the Judge of
the Circuit Court of Law & Equity in and
for the State of Tennessee aforesaid


*Certification by Circuit Court Clerk
State of Tennessee
Hawkins County


I Willie B. Mitchell Clerk of the Circuit Court do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matter of the application of Thomas Brooks for a pension and that William Carmack is a credible person. In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand & private seal having no seal of Office this 1st day of October 1832.

W B Mitchell Clk


*Affidavit of Thomas Brooks dated February 7, 1833
State of Tennessee
Hawkins County


Personally appeared before me the undersigned, a Justice of the peace for said County and State Thomas Brooks, who being duly sworn, deposeth & saith, that, by reason of old age and the consequent loss of memory, he cannot swear positively as to the precise length of his service, but according to the best of his recollection he served not less than the periods mentioned below, and in the following grades. For one year, four months and fourteen days I served as a regular in the service of the United States. For five months, I served as a volunteer. For two months, I served as a substitute in a Southern expidition. For 2 years I served as an Indian spy; and for such service I claim a pension.

Sworn to and Subscribed before
me this 7th day of February
1833
his
Thomas x Brooks
Mark
N Fain, Justice of the Peace for Hawkins County


*Affidavit of Thomas Brooks dated August 27, 1833
State of Tennessee
Hawkins County


This day personally appeared Thomas Brooks, ageed about seventy three years before me A. Kyle one of the Acting Justices of the Peace in and for said County and after being duly Sowrn according to law, deposeth and sayeth that in year 1776 that he Thomas Brooks was in Col Christa,s Campaighn against the Chrokee Indians; and Littleton Brooks was In said Campaighn and served as a military man; and I have understood, that said Littleton Brooks served a tourer of duty against the Cherokee Indians; under the Command of Col Joseph Martin but I was not in Company with him, under Command of Col Martin, and Consequently do not no it of my own Knowledge.

Sworn to and Subscribed
before me the 27th day                                                          his
of August 1833                                                          Thomas T Brooks
A. Kyle J.P.                                                                            mark