BICENTENNIAL FEATURE
RECOLLECTIONS OF A REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIER

From the DWGQ:
Summer 1976 Vol II, No 2
During this bicentennial year, with its emphasis on studying and 
understanding our country's past, it seems appropriate to include in our 
quarterly the recollections of a private soldier who fought in the  
Revolutionary War.  What makes this soldier special is that he, John 
Wilson Scott, was an early settler in DeWitt County, lies buried within 
the county, and was the progenitor of a multitude of past and present 
citizens of our county.

What follows is a transcription of John Scott's application for a pension, 
in which he narrated at some length and in great detail many of his 
experiences during his military service.  Spelling and punctuation have 
been left as they appeared in the original, so that the full flavor of 
the narration remains that of John Scott in 1832.  The copy of the pension 
application was contributed by Dorothy (Strange) Martin.


"State of Illinois, McLean County on the Third day of December personally 
appeared in open court Before the County Commissioners being a court of
record of McLean County now Sitting John Scott--a resident of Kickapoo  
presink in the County of McLean & State of Illinois-aged Seventy (or nearly
So) who being first Duley Sworn According to law doth on his oath make the
following Decleration in order to obtain the benefits of the Act of  
Congress pased June the 7, 1832 That he entered the Servis of the United  
States under the following named officers and Served as herein Stated I 
did enter the Servis of the United States under the Command of Colonel  
William Camble & Captain James Dysart and his Seboltiran officers in the  
year 1780 in the Month of May did served the following towers of duty (vz) 
arley in the Month of May as above our offcers having received infermation 
that the Toreys ware committing murder and other depredations in Wilks 
County North carolina we therefore Struck our line of March and with Speed
 we came to the place and having taken sum of them prisoners, they gave 
Security for thare good behavour and all hostilitys Seased thare, and this 
being the case we Returned home near the last of July and arley in the 
Month of August we received orders to March for South carolina in persuit
of Col. Forrgason a British commander having a large body of British & 
Toreys under his Command, and we Marched into North carolina (now the East 
end of Tennessee) and thare incamped untill Col. Seveir & Col. Isaac Shelby 
made up their Troops & then they joined us & amduately we Marched passing 
over the mountains in and threw Retherford County from thence into the 
South & down the South side of Broad River to the Cowpens & thare receiving 
infermation that the Ennmoney was lying at the Cherrikee ford on Said river 
we therfore Marched for that place and continued our line of March all nite 
but the Enmoney having removed we therefore without receiving aney 
refreshmant Continued our line of March and on Kings mountain we came up 
with the Ennimy and Klid there commander & a number of his Soldiers and  
made prisoners of the residue of them and took there waggons from them.  
This however was not done without Sum loss on our side thare was twentyone 
or thareabout kild on our Side, amongst the Slain was Capt William 
Edmiston Reece Bowen & John Baty the wounded not Recolected and after 
Berrying our ded we imployed those Waggons to carry our wounded back to
Col. Walkers on Broad river to which place we Marched the prisoners, and 
our officers thare, holding council.  it was thought proper to burn the 
waggons, and having  received proper Testamoney, against one Col. Mills 
(a torey officer) and six of his adherents, they ware adjudged guilty of 
Murder, and by us amdiately hanged & hear we ware to leave our wounded, 
but a young man by the name of Iseral Highter being Shot threw the thy 
desired to be takinalong the  mountain until Sutch Gap as he could cross 
and I with two others was appointed to this duty, all of which I promtley 
performed and the battle of Kings mountain being on the Sixth day of 
October 1780.  I therefore was not able to reach home untill the last of 
November my way being impeded in cosiquence of danger, at times, and the 
bad Situation of the wounded man, and my fellow soldiers Started home at 
the Same time I Started with the young man. and having returned home, and 
previous to dismision, my before named Col.  Camble pave orders for two
companeys of his Mounted Vollenteers to Keep them Selvs in rediness to 
march, I having all the while, and in all the before named, missions 
belonged to Capt. Dysart's Companey, of Mounted Vollenteers, and so I 
continued, and we held our Selvs in rediness to March, and on the first of 
Feb. 1781 vie received orders, and Struck a line of March and Crossing the 
Mountain at the flour gap down threw the Moravion Towns and into Gilford 
County whare Generl Green was Incamped and Corn Wallis not far off There 
we Joined headQuarters and on the next day our Brave Col. Camble Marched 
us down on the Brittish lines, to watch the movement of the enmmony and on 
the third day being the 6th day of March we received orders to dismount 
and our horses and Saddles bridles being placed in the care of persons 
appointed to that duty we therefore Marched amdiateley to fire on the 
British, being then in hearing of thare drum beet--but we had not advanced 
more than one half mile before the British fired on those horsemen, 
scaterd and took sum horses, and mine was one of them appraised to Sixty 
dollars togather with my Saddle and bridle all which I lost on that day 
but we in a few minnits after hearing the firing of the pistles of the 
horse ware advansed in close firing distance of the Ennimoney on the Caney 
fork of how river at Whitsels Mills at whitch place tic had a Sevear 
Scrimmage with the Brittish, and on the day following we again got into 
Gennerl Greens Camp and Marched with the Gennerl a few days, but the 
weather being Blustary and cool & and we having lost our Blankets We 
therefore, received orders to March for home, but being near three hundred 
mile from home, and a foot (as I had lost myhorse) I did not reach home 
untill near the first of May 1781 and My Servises in all as a Mounted 
Vollenteer in the United States Servis amounted to a bout twelve months 
under arms as a privet.  I hereby Relinquish every clame what Ever to a 
pension or annuity Except the present and declare that name is not on the 
pension Roll of the Agency of any State.  MY(Court) have you aney Record of 
your age and where is it.  An.  My age was recorded in my fathers larg 
Bible from whence I have it. (court) whare ware you living when Cold. into 
Servis and whare have you lived Since (An) I lived when colled into Servi
in Washington County Virginia from thence to South Carolinia from thence 
to Tennessee from thence to Indiana from thence to Illinois whare I now 
live I have alredy refered you to Sum of the reguler officers whom I Serve 
when in Servis (Court) did you ever receive a discharage from the Servis 
By whom was it gave and what has become of it. (An) I received a discharge 
from my captain but do not distinctley Recolect what became of it. (Court) 
State tie Names of persons in your Neighbourhood to whom you are known and 
who can testify us to your character for Verasity and good behavour your 
Soldier ship & Service as a Revolutioner (An) I Refer you to James Latta 
a clergiman and John Glenn who can testify conserning me.

Sworn to and Subscribed the day and year aforesaid (John Scott)
Dated 3rd day of December 1832"